TAGMA India established in 1990 serves as a forum for the Indian Tool Room & Die and Mould Industry whose activity involves design, sales or manufacture of dies for pressing, stamping, punching and forming; injection and compression moulds; die casting dies; patterns and pattern equipment; jigs and fixtures; standard tooling components; CAD/CAM / CNC ; rapid prototyping; gauges; precision machining; special machines and related products.
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CNC Programmer: Career Information for Becoming a CNC Programmer
Read on to learn what a CNC programmer does. See what kind of education and training are required for the job. Get the details about career prospects and earning potential to decide if this job is for you.
Career in CNC Programmers & Operators
A CNC programmer, named after the computer numerically controlled machines they create programs for, are also called numerical tool and process control programmers. CNC programmers develop and run programs which direct the CNC machines to cut and shape metal or plastic for such things as airplanes, automobiles and other industrial machines. CNC programmers generally produce large numbers of one part before moving on to another order, and occasionally they will produce smaller lots or single items. CNC programmers use blueprints and 3-dimensional computer designs to create the programs which result in precisely cut products.
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When you look at a conventional building and determine what consumes energy the most, you point to the Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVACs). A building needs constant supply of fresh air and heat management and that´s what an HVAC provides. The systems, however, are energy guzzlers. Now, societies like Indian society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ISHRAE) and Indian Green Building Council (IGBC), with whom ISHRAE has an MoU, are trying to revive India’s eco-friendly legacy, so intrinsic to its ancestors, while adopting energy-efficient systems that are both affordable and aesthetic. Nirmal Ram, National President, ISHRAE, shares more on emerging trends, standards and codes with SHRIYAL SETHUMADHAVAN….
While most developed countries are adopting energy-efficiency in HVAC equipment and systems, what is the trend in emerging economies, especially India?
Emerging economies consider energy-efficiency seriously and the number of registrations for green buildings is an example. It is heartening to note that many follow energy-efficiency measures in their buildings even without going for green certification. The day is not far when a developing country like India will march from energy-efficient buildings to net-zero and net-positive buildings. Moreover, one energy saved is two units produced. As HVAC equipment forms a major source of power consumption, the HVAC fraternity plays a crucial role. HVAC engineers work in tandem with architects in locating the building with reference to the compass point and do the simulation. In fact, engineers are practicing architecture and architects practice engineering! Saving is only a relative term and the sky is the limit.
ISHRAE, along with the Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Manufacturers Association (RAMA), had taken up the mantle of developing standards for testing and rating equipment based on Indian ambient conditions. What has been the progress on this?
The final version is with the Bureau of Indian Standards and adoption may happen during the early part of this year. ISHRAE will release this as a guideline soon. This standard is totally tropicalised for the Indian weather and conditions and will ensure a uniform platform for comparison of the performance among all manufacturers.
How do you view the current building and construction sectors in India? What impact will the growth scenario of this sector have on the country´s HVAC market?
The scenario is positive and upbeat. India will attract many investments locally and from the international market as well. Many cities are experiencing commencement of new projects; Bengaluru is poised for growth in the residential and commercial sectors. All these require energy-efficient HVAC products and systems. HVAC is seen as a nation-building industry and it is next to impossible to witness an application without HVAC.
What is ISHRAE´s contribution towards achieving the net-zero footprint for India?
With programmes such as seminars, workshops, conferences and panel discussions, ISHRAE disseminates knowledge through its 39 chapters across the country. Smart buildings may be talked about now but building automation with particular reference to HVAC has been in the marketplace for over two decades. The smart home concept is also being discussed now and smart cities are a welcome sign – they are a combination of smart homes and smart buildings.
What role can state governments play to ensure that the energy usage of a building is kept within achievable maximum limits?
Any system created has to be user-friendly and adapted for Indian conditions. Societies like ISHRAE can only work with the government to find the right solutions. ISHRAE works closely with various government organisations like Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) and National Building Code (NBC) and with other stakeholders in forming standards or guidelines so energy usage is kept at bay and energy-efficiency measures are practised. ISHRAE works with societies across the globe such as American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), Charter Institution of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE), Federation of European Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Associations (REHVA), etc, and we have MoUs signed with them for various knowledge-sharing activities.
BEE has issued ECBC to improve the energy performance of buildings. However, recent reports reveal that the use of the code in design is not linked to the actual performance of the building after it has been commissioned. How can this issue be resolved?
Yes, this is an issue. Energy-efficiency should not be on paper but has to be practised and accomplished. This can be done only with the dissemination of knowledge and practising the concept of certification. ISHRAE is working on the modules culminating in certification of professionals on installation, commissioning and service along with safety. This will pave the way for all stakeholders to practise and ensure that actual performance is in line with the design.
At present, what are the challenges in the HVAC sector – from supply to skill upgrade? Where is the gap and how can the sector overcome this?
Skills are scarce. Dissemination of knowledge is the only answer and this is the main objective of ISHRAE. We work closely with various associations and societies with similar objectives. Our certification programmes will develop manpower of greater skill. ISHRAE has over 6,000 students as members through student programmes and through K12 activities is nurturing them through STEM to pursue HVAC and other related professions. This will definitely mitigate this serious issue over time.
What would it take for the HVAC sector to reach greater heights?
Many have started practising the lifecycle cost analysis as against L1 (lower first cost) and this will help develop a sustainable India. Everyone talks about energy saving and as HVAC has a bigger role to play in this, the industry is sure to attain greater heights!
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Leaders share their expertise at Greenbuild China
Greenbuild China convened hundreds of green building professionals in Shanghai for education, networking and inspiration.
Just last week, the Greenbuild Conference made history by holding its first Greenbuild in Asia.
Greenbuild is the place where those who are connected to the green building movement, from architects to developers to product manufacturers, come together to discuss what is new, what is needed and what is on the horizon. Greenbuild China 2017 followed in this tradition, yet provided a new forum for the award-winning event, convening hundreds of green building professionals and stakeholders in Shanghai at the W Hotel for three days of workshops, education, networking and inspiration.
China’s sustainability journey has been one marked with incredible achievements. China currently stands as the one of the top markets in the world for LEED, second only to the United States. Additionally, over 3,000 LEED-credentialed professionals work or live in China. The exponential growth of LEED in China provides critical help in mitigating the effects of climate change and positively affects the health and well-being of millions of people. There are over 1,100 certified LEED commercial projects in mainland China, Hong Kong and Macau. And this is just the beginning.
During his keynote address, Mahesh Ramanujam, President and CEO of USGBC and GBCI, reflected on the incredible speed and growth of green building in China, remarking that this is a product of the values that are so key in Chinese culture – warmth, caring and human connections.
Greenbuild China was an incredible experience that brought together speakers and guests to share ideas.
The Opening Plenary featured remarks from some of China’s distinguished leaders, including:
- Mr. Liu Qian Wei, Chief Engineer Shanghai Municipal Commission of Housing, Urban—Rural Development and Management
- Mr. Luo Bo Ming, Chairman, Beijing New Aerotropolis Group
- United States Consul General Sean Stein
The plenary keynote address was delivered by Rick Fedrizzi, Chairman and CEO, International WELL Building Institute, and was followed by an acknowledgment of some of Greater China’s newest and most notable green building projects: those certified in 2017 as LEED Platinum, and those certified under other green building rating systems, including WELL, EDGE and Parksmart.
The Greenbuild China Leadership Luncheon featured a keynote address delivered by Mahesh Ramanujam. Sam Xie, Head of Research, CBRE China, presented findings from the 2017 China Green Building White Paper. This event also included a dialogue featuring the unique perspective of the region’s top developers, including:
- Dr Raymond Yau, General Manager, Technical Services and Sustainable Development, SWIRE Properties
- Mr. Charlie Peng, Managing Director, Asset Services, Limetree Capital
- Mr. Alan To, Senior Director, Property Management, Tishman Speyer
- Ms. Cheng Ming, General Manager, Product Design and Development Center, CapitaLand China
- Nellie Cheng, Managing Director, China, USGBC (moderator)
The Women in Green Power Breakfast is an event that inspires, uplifts and challenges the women of the green building movement. Since the first Women in Green event in San Francisco (2012), it has become a mainstay at Greenbuilds around the world. Speakers for the event in China included:
- Linda Hu CEO, Shanghai GreenCity Architectural Co. Ltd.
- Lucy Lei Vice President and General Manager, Asia, Interface
- Professor Xu Jihuan Chairman, Shanghai Pacific Energy Center
- Nellie Cheng, managing Director, China, USGBC (moderator)
The Awards Ceremony and Luncheon that closed Greenbuild China was a celebration of some of China’s most influential leaders, who have contributed in a very meaningful way to the green built environment with the 2017 Greenbuild China Leadership Awards. The recipients of this prestigious honor were:
- The Dalian Wanda Group
- Mr. Cai Fangming
- Shougang Group Co. Limited
This was also a time to thank and acknowledge the organizations and professionals with LEED or WELL credentialls working every day to make green building a reality in China.