TAGMA India established in 1990 serves as a forum for the Indian Tool Room & Die and Mould Industry whose activity involves design, sales or manufacture of dies for pressing, stamping, punching and forming; injection and compression moulds; die casting dies; patterns and pattern equipment; jigs and fixtures; standard tooling components; CAD/CAM / CNC ; rapid prototyping; gauges; precision machining; special machines and related products.
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CNC Programmer: Career Information for Becoming a CNC Programmer
Read on to learn what a CNC programmer does. See what kind of education and training are required for the job. Get the details about career prospects and earning potential to decide if this job is for you.
Career in CNC Programmers & Operators
A CNC programmer, named after the computer numerically controlled machines they create programs for, are also called numerical tool and process control programmers. CNC programmers develop and run programs which direct the CNC machines to cut and shape metal or plastic for such things as airplanes, automobiles and other industrial machines. CNC programmers generally produce large numbers of one part before moving on to another order, and occasionally they will produce smaller lots or single items. CNC programmers use blueprints and 3-dimensional computer designs to create the programs which result in precisely cut products.
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When you look at a conventional building and determine what consumes energy the most, you point to the Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVACs). A building needs constant supply of fresh air and heat management and that´s what an HVAC provides. The systems, however, are energy guzzlers. Now, societies like Indian society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ISHRAE) and Indian Green Building Council (IGBC), with whom ISHRAE has an MoU, are trying to revive India’s eco-friendly legacy, so intrinsic to its ancestors, while adopting energy-efficient systems that are both affordable and aesthetic. Nirmal Ram, National President, ISHRAE, shares more on emerging trends, standards and codes with SHRIYAL SETHUMADHAVAN….
While most developed countries are adopting energy-efficiency in HVAC equipment and systems, what is the trend in emerging economies, especially India?
Emerging economies consider energy-efficiency seriously and the number of registrations for green buildings is an example. It is heartening to note that many follow energy-efficiency measures in their buildings even without going for green certification. The day is not far when a developing country like India will march from energy-efficient buildings to net-zero and net-positive buildings. Moreover, one energy saved is two units produced. As HVAC equipment forms a major source of power consumption, the HVAC fraternity plays a crucial role. HVAC engineers work in tandem with architects in locating the building with reference to the compass point and do the simulation. In fact, engineers are practicing architecture and architects practice engineering! Saving is only a relative term and the sky is the limit.
ISHRAE, along with the Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Manufacturers Association (RAMA), had taken up the mantle of developing standards for testing and rating equipment based on Indian ambient conditions. What has been the progress on this?
The final version is with the Bureau of Indian Standards and adoption may happen during the early part of this year. ISHRAE will release this as a guideline soon. This standard is totally tropicalised for the Indian weather and conditions and will ensure a uniform platform for comparison of the performance among all manufacturers.
How do you view the current building and construction sectors in India? What impact will the growth scenario of this sector have on the country´s HVAC market?
The scenario is positive and upbeat. India will attract many investments locally and from the international market as well. Many cities are experiencing commencement of new projects; Bengaluru is poised for growth in the residential and commercial sectors. All these require energy-efficient HVAC products and systems. HVAC is seen as a nation-building industry and it is next to impossible to witness an application without HVAC.
What is ISHRAE´s contribution towards achieving the net-zero footprint for India?
With programmes such as seminars, workshops, conferences and panel discussions, ISHRAE disseminates knowledge through its 39 chapters across the country. Smart buildings may be talked about now but building automation with particular reference to HVAC has been in the marketplace for over two decades. The smart home concept is also being discussed now and smart cities are a welcome sign – they are a combination of smart homes and smart buildings.
What role can state governments play to ensure that the energy usage of a building is kept within achievable maximum limits?
Any system created has to be user-friendly and adapted for Indian conditions. Societies like ISHRAE can only work with the government to find the right solutions. ISHRAE works closely with various government organisations like Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) and National Building Code (NBC) and with other stakeholders in forming standards or guidelines so energy usage is kept at bay and energy-efficiency measures are practised. ISHRAE works with societies across the globe such as American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), Charter Institution of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE), Federation of European Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Associations (REHVA), etc, and we have MoUs signed with them for various knowledge-sharing activities.
BEE has issued ECBC to improve the energy performance of buildings. However, recent reports reveal that the use of the code in design is not linked to the actual performance of the building after it has been commissioned. How can this issue be resolved?
Yes, this is an issue. Energy-efficiency should not be on paper but has to be practised and accomplished. This can be done only with the dissemination of knowledge and practising the concept of certification. ISHRAE is working on the modules culminating in certification of professionals on installation, commissioning and service along with safety. This will pave the way for all stakeholders to practise and ensure that actual performance is in line with the design.
At present, what are the challenges in the HVAC sector – from supply to skill upgrade? Where is the gap and how can the sector overcome this?
Skills are scarce. Dissemination of knowledge is the only answer and this is the main objective of ISHRAE. We work closely with various associations and societies with similar objectives. Our certification programmes will develop manpower of greater skill. ISHRAE has over 6,000 students as members through student programmes and through K12 activities is nurturing them through STEM to pursue HVAC and other related professions. This will definitely mitigate this serious issue over time.
What would it take for the HVAC sector to reach greater heights?
Many have started practising the lifecycle cost analysis as against L1 (lower first cost) and this will help develop a sustainable India. Everyone talks about energy saving and as HVAC has a bigger role to play in this, the industry is sure to attain greater heights!
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Leaders share their expertise at Greenbuild China
Greenbuild China convened hundreds of green building professionals in Shanghai for education, networking and inspiration.
Just last week, the Greenbuild Conference made history by holding its first Greenbuild in Asia.
Greenbuild is the place where those who are connected to the green building movement, from architects to developers to product manufacturers, come together to discuss what is new, what is needed and what is on the horizon. Greenbuild China 2017 followed in this tradition, yet provided a new forum for the award-winning event, convening hundreds of green building professionals and stakeholders in Shanghai at the W Hotel for three days of workshops, education, networking and inspiration.
China’s sustainability journey has been one marked with incredible achievements. China currently stands as the one of the top markets in the world for LEED, second only to the United States. Additionally, over 3,000 LEED-credentialed professionals work or live in China. The exponential growth of LEED in China provides critical help in mitigating the effects of climate change and positively affects the health and well-being of millions of people. There are over 1,100 certified LEED commercial projects in mainland China, Hong Kong and Macau. And this is just the beginning.
During his keynote address, Mahesh Ramanujam, President and CEO of USGBC and GBCI, reflected on the incredible speed and growth of green building in China, remarking that this is a product of the values that are so key in Chinese culture – warmth, caring and human connections.
Greenbuild China was an incredible experience that brought together speakers and guests to share ideas.
The Opening Plenary featured remarks from some of China’s distinguished leaders, including:
- Mr. Liu Qian Wei, Chief Engineer Shanghai Municipal Commission of Housing, Urban—Rural Development and Management
- Mr. Luo Bo Ming, Chairman, Beijing New Aerotropolis Group
- United States Consul General Sean Stein
The plenary keynote address was delivered by Rick Fedrizzi, Chairman and CEO, International WELL Building Institute, and was followed by an acknowledgment of some of Greater China’s newest and most notable green building projects: those certified in 2017 as LEED Platinum, and those certified under other green building rating systems, including WELL, EDGE and Parksmart.
The Greenbuild China Leadership Luncheon featured a keynote address delivered by Mahesh Ramanujam. Sam Xie, Head of Research, CBRE China, presented findings from the 2017 China Green Building White Paper. This event also included a dialogue featuring the unique perspective of the region’s top developers, including:
- Dr Raymond Yau, General Manager, Technical Services and Sustainable Development, SWIRE Properties
- Mr. Charlie Peng, Managing Director, Asset Services, Limetree Capital
- Mr. Alan To, Senior Director, Property Management, Tishman Speyer
- Ms. Cheng Ming, General Manager, Product Design and Development Center, CapitaLand China
- Nellie Cheng, Managing Director, China, USGBC (moderator)
The Women in Green Power Breakfast is an event that inspires, uplifts and challenges the women of the green building movement. Since the first Women in Green event in San Francisco (2012), it has become a mainstay at Greenbuilds around the world. Speakers for the event in China included:
- Linda Hu CEO, Shanghai GreenCity Architectural Co. Ltd.
- Lucy Lei Vice President and General Manager, Asia, Interface
- Professor Xu Jihuan Chairman, Shanghai Pacific Energy Center
- Nellie Cheng, managing Director, China, USGBC (moderator)
The Awards Ceremony and Luncheon that closed Greenbuild China was a celebration of some of China’s most influential leaders, who have contributed in a very meaningful way to the green built environment with the 2017 Greenbuild China Leadership Awards. The recipients of this prestigious honor were:
- The Dalian Wanda Group
- Mr. Cai Fangming
- Shougang Group Co. Limited
This was also a time to thank and acknowledge the organizations and professionals with LEED or WELL credentialls working every day to make green building a reality in China.
Greater China: Excellence in green building
A designer handbag has a quality of style and status. When you have it, it radiates an inclination that originates from inside which has nothing to do with flaunting to some other individual. It’s quite recently overpowering to convey these designer bags. They arrive in an assortment of hues, plans, examples, and styles accessible. They likewise come in particular points of interest complemented with extraordinary and elusive plans.
Women are always in search for the most selective designs and top of the line fashion in bags, and from time to time do they discover branded handbags online on sale because most designer purses are costly and just available to the rich. This is on the grounds that these totes are carefully fit in novel and convincing plans and styles. These sacks are of genuine qualities that reflect advanced social impacts.
Makers of architect packs see to it that their scrupulousness is practically impeccable and is second to none. Fashioner satchels have exclusive requirements for quality, inventiveness, administration, and incentive in the tote business. They are accessible in many stores and the high sticker price that accompanies them is most likely the main downside originator satchels have. In any case, on the other hand, you ought to always remember that immaculate quality is never an accomplice of modest rates.
Why sit tight for a Designer Handbag Sale?
Creator satchel deals are generally a standout amongst the most looked for after spots on earth. Given the worldwide emergency and that it is so difficult to gain cash now-a-days; individuals are rethinking spending plans and astute cash administration. Originator deals genuinely are the things to search for with regards to the most recent creator design at a considerably more moderate cost. Fashioner totes are all over, yet unfortunately, just a couple people can get them with the high sticker prices that join them. In this way, it is savvy to search for a planner tote deal, particularly when you’re certain it is honest to goodness.
Consistently you require a satchel, for Mondays to Fridays in your employment or in school. A stunning gathering of novel and reasonable sacks are ideal for you. Your capacity to discover things that are on special with enormous rebates matters incredibly. Along these lines, you get the chance to appreciate satchels that have high caliber at an extremely reasonable cost. What are popular today might be un-in vogue tomorrow and stylish again one week from now. Fashion is totally eccentric.
You will dependably run over many packs each day of your life-costly, shoddy, lovely, and terrible. Generally, you will catch a sack that looks precisely the same as a pack that you have seen elsewhere. These might be the very same outlines however costs are distinctive. An architect purse deal is uncommon, so you need to get the open door when you experience one so that your tote supplications are replied. Thing is, you may not get it again somewhere else so whenever you run over a deal, you might need to give it genuine thought.
Purchasing secondhand auto is a famous choice for the individuals who might want to save money on expenses and evade the quick deterioration seen when obtaining a fresh out of the box new auto. There are a few spots where you can purchase used auto and checking your choices can help you get a decent arrangement and spare cash. To figure out where you ought to purchase your auto, consider your needs. On the off chance that you have a restricted spending plan, then consider purchasing from sell-offs or private dealers. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you might want the utilized auto to have a guarantee and an unmistakable title, then purchasing from an auto dealership might be the best decision for you. In this article, we talk about the spots where you can locate used auto that will fit your needs and determinations.
Private dealers- Many used Maruti Suzuki Wagon R cars in Mumbai purchasers who are searching for this model at a less expensive cost can select to purchase from a certified dealer. Purchasing from a private dealer can likewise permit you to meet the past proprietor and acquire the auto’s history. The vender may likewise permit you to take the auto for an assessment and test drive. Be that as it may, private venders are less controlled. They give no certification of an unmistakable title, which implies the purchaser has no insurance under law if the utilized auto ends up being stolen or on the off chance that it has major mechanical issues. Private dealers likewise don’t give guarantee to the utilized auto. It may be less expensive to buy secretly however it additionally accompanies high dangers.
Barters- Going to used auto closeout is another incredible approach to locate an extensive variety of auto makes and models being sold at a less expensive cost. Barkers are likewise required to give purchasers a reasonable title and a REVS testament, which guarantees there is no cash owing on the vehicle sold. In any case, purchasing a utilized auto from a sale has dangers. There is no affirmation if the auto being sold is still in great condition as you can’t altogether examine or test-drive it before buying. Sell off houses additionally don’t give guarantee to the vehicle.
If you want to purchase used auto from a closeout house, go to a couple barters first so you can watch and get a vibe of how it functions. It can likewise take somebody proficient about autos with you as they can help you settle on brilliant decisions on which vehicle is a beneficial venture. Do your examination before making your offer so you recognize what the reasonable cost is for the auto display you need. Set your greatest cost and don’t go over it.
Intermediaries and wholesalers- Intermediaries can do the tedious errand of finding a fitting auto for you, more often than not by experiencing dealerships to discover the auto you have indicated. They then charge a commission on the offer of the auto.
Dealerships- Purchasing from a utilized auto dealership might be more costly than purchasing secretly or from a sale, yet you will get more prominent insurance under the law as merchants are authorized and required to work under strict directions. They will give an assurance of a reasonable title and statutory guarantee for the auto sold. They additionally give a one-day cooling period wherein you can take the auto for a test drive or for an assessment by an outsider repairman. This gives you the chance to altogether check if the utilized auto is still in great condition. An auto dealership likewise gives an extensive variety of vehicles so you have a lot of choices on which utilized auto to buy.
New arrivals cars have their own charm for buyers however used cars make a lot of sense too. Mumbai is known as financial capital of the nation yet the street infrastructure need to be driven carefully. Thus, there are a large number of individuals around who are excited about purchasing the used cars in Mumbai.
The ride is getting uncomfortable regularly with the rain pouring its rage on individuals. Because of the poor condition of streets, traffic moves gradually and bringing about thunders. Aside from bringing on adversity you need to experience exceptionally harming background of driving through pothole-filled street day by day. There is most likely flyovers have lessened the separation yet amid rainstorm driving gets to be bit overwhelming. Consistently Mumbai residents need to face such issues and the things are turning out to be most exceedingly awful every day. If you are one of them, then here are the couple of things you have to consider before purchasing the main pre-owned car for Mumbai streets.
- An incredible mode to start the hunt down the finest used cars in Mumbai is by settling on the amount one will pay. Individuals dependably have diverse feeling and recognition when potential purchasers are intrigued with their fantasy cars. They should always keep some additional sum aside for other use that may be utilized later.
- When you need to choose the used auto for Mumbai streets, consistency and cost of maintenance are the two prime components that need to consider first. For the most part when we discuss the brands, Japanese brands are having a tendency to be a champ in India took after by the household producer. Indeed, even European brands are hearty yet their hardware parts are entirely costly and get influenced with the environment condition.
- You should dependably begin your search from approved merchants to the cordial neighborhood garage. Indeed, even the online portals and surveys can help you to get the best used cars in Mumbai. Accordingly you never know when and how you find the one you are looking for.
- Guarantee to the check the auto history because that most likely we overlook the things and pay the additional for the vehicle which not the value.
- You should not neglect to check the essential things, for example, oil, coolant oil level, motor, mirrors, electrics, grip, directing, brakes and windscreen. Be set up to check the outside part of the auto, for example, tires, paints, scratches and so forth. Likewise go for test drive in the event that you like the auto and excitedly holding up to grasp the key. Take the assistance of mechanic to recognize do and don’ts of the auto before making a last arrangement.
However the market of new autos is prospering, it has prompted some extraordinary arrangements accessible for the individuals who resolved to buy second hands cars in Mumbai.
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India’s automobile industry is one of the prominent growing automotive sectors in the world and it ranks in the sixth position globally. According to a society of Indian automobile manufacturer report, annual car sales could reach 5 million vehicles by 2016 and more than 10 million vehicles by 2020.
Fastest growing pre-owned car market
In the absence of organized companies more than 60 percent of all used car sales were performed customer to customer business that is among closed relatives, friends groups, and associate with a circle of trust. The rest 40 percent of sales were accomplished by local unorganized dealers. In 2001, Maruti became the first chief organized player to enter the car market with the launch of its used car brand – Maruti True Value.
Today, the Indian buyers are awakened and paying more attention towards the positive significance of second hand cars. These pre-owned cars offer higher flexibility, easy affordability and reach to the prospective first time or repeated car owners. The economical prices of second hand cars facilitate all types of consumers.
- First-time car buyers: If you are new to a pre-owned car market then used car buyers get technically advanced and wide varieties of cars at fair prices within their budget.
- Second car at economical price: There are numerous Indian families have a requirement for more than one car and used innova Mumbai can provide them a more economically viable option.
- Upgrade to a bigger car at a lower budget: This is especially designed for the people who want to upgrade from two-wheeler to a four-wheeler without stretching their financial plan.
There are other aspects responsible for the growing popularity of used cars is the horde of quality choices available and rise in income level. Also, added advantage that make buying a pre-owned car a popular practice, such as easy finance option, lower rate of depreciation, hassle-free paperwork along with appropriate history. All this has created circumstances where people want to upgrade their vehicles more frequently.
There are following reasons for the evolutions of second hand car industry in India are:
- Improved quality: New manufacturing products are technically advanced and offer longevity with value added features to cars thus users enjoy the privilege of improved quality in second hand cars.
- Better maintenance: Upgraded quality and great performance of mechanical segments make your car easier and better to maintain.
- Less usage: End number of metro families who have more than one car and the second and third car is relatively less driven and well maintain. These can be best used cars to be accepted and offer excellent value for money to car consumers.
With the certified organized players stepping in, the pre-owned car market has benefited from economical deals, assurances, better retail network, loyalty, transparency, easy availability of finances. They also allow potential buyers to select and compare cars from diverse brands and segment. Thus both seller and buyers are assured of their investment.